Subconscious and conscious mind
This is another take on psychology and processing. In normal psychology
the subconscious lies beneath the conscious. The subconscious consists of
our underlying internal driving motivation and needs, not all known to the
conscious mind. The conscious mind is what we are aware and cognizant of
in terms of our behavior and reasons for what we do. The goal is the
alignment between the conscious and subconscious mind. In this paradigm,
the subconscious is the chief author of our emotional and mental drives.
Another paradigm places the conscious mind above the subconscious mind.
Along this line of reasoning, the conscious mind chooses how we should act in
line with how we believe, and then controls, edits and tempers the subconscious
mind to act accordingly.
So if your conscious mind knows it's wrong to steal the candy, and your
subconscious impulse is to steal it, the conscious mind through discipline and
control dictates restraint. In this way the higher consciousness controls
the lower consciousness.